What is it?
A disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine.
Type 1 develops when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough.
Level one – 4 to 7 mmol/L before meals, 2 hours after under 8.5 mmol/L
Level two – 4 to 7 mmol/L before meals, 2 hours after under 9 mmol/L
Treatment for type one
Must take insulin every day to replace the insulin that is no longer being made naturally in the body.
Effects on the cells
The cells are unable to extract glucose, or blood sugar, from the bloodstream
Are a direct result of damage to the blood vessels. Neuropathy, damage to the nervous system and a loss of feeling in the limbs, is caused by damage to small blood vessels that link to the nervous system.
Preventing type two
Lifestyle changes, including healthy diet, weight reduction if overweight, and increasing the level of regular physical activity.