Obesity/Diabetes

diabetesWhat is it?

A disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine.

Types

Type 1  develops when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough.

Gloucose Levels

Level one – 4 to 7 mmol/L before meals, 2 hours after under 8.5 mmol/L
Level two – 4 to 7 mmol/L before meals, 2 hours after under 9 mmol/L

Treatment for type one

Must take insulin every day to replace the insulin that is no longer being made naturally in the body.

Effects on the cells

The  cells are unable to extract glucose, or blood sugar, from the bloodstream

Complications

Are a direct result of damage to the blood vessels. Neuropathy, damage to the nervous system and a loss of feeling in the limbs, is caused by damage to small blood vessels that link to the nervous system.

Preventing type two

Lifestyle changes, including healthy diet, weight reduction if overweight, and increasing the level of regular physical activity.


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