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GP Referral – Hypercholesterolaemia

Hypercholesterolemia occurs when there is an elevated level of total cholesterol in the bloodstream. It is the result of high levels of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) as compared to High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol.

Symptoms

Hypercholesterolemia is a slow and silent killer. There are no visible hysical symptoms until it develops into other diseases such as Heart Attack and Stroke.

Diagnosis

Hypercholesterolemia is diagnosed through a blood test. The patient is required to fast from all food and drink, except water, for 12 hours before a blood specimen is drawn. The blood test will measure LDL, HDL and total Cholesterol levels

Treatment

The treatment for Hypercholesterolemia focuses on decreasing the LDL Cholesterol level. There are two ways to do this:

1. Lifestyle ChangeĀ  : A healthy diet and regular exercise are essential.
2. Medications
If diet and exercise are insufficient, doctors may recommend medications as well. Statins are a common class of drugs prescribed for hypercholesterolemia and include Pravastatin, Fluvastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin and Lovastatin. Gemfibrozil, Cholestyramine and Niacin.


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